The sector of medicinal plants, with an area of about 0.33 ha, is one of the relatively large university medicinal gardens in Europe. The territory has a south-western exposure and is slightly sloping. It has 8 districts, each with 35-38 plant layers in which there are over 200 taxa of medicinal plants (Papaver somniferum, Foeniculum vulgare, Rheum officinale, Valeriana officinalis, Leonurus cardiaca, Hyssopus officinalis, Melissa officinalis, Lavandula angustifolia, Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia officinalis, Thymus vulgaris, Digitalis purpurea, Calendula officinalis, Cynara scolymus, Echinacea angustifolia, Echinops banaticus, Grindelia robusta, Iris germanica etc.). Students carry out practical work in this sector to deepen and apply in practice the theoretical knowledge on the identification, harvesting, and drying of medicinal plants. The sector provides the raw material for phytochemical, pharmacological, and clinical research. Students and doctoral students can cultivate and harvest medicinal plants to develop license works, respectively doctoral theses. Middle school students and high school students from Târgu Mureş or neighboring localities have the opportunity to visit the Botanical Garden accompanied by their biology teachers to get acquainted with medicinal plants, and we hope that these visits will arouse their interest in the study of pharmaceuticals, and we expect to see them again among future students.